Hofstede (1980) used a classification system based on 100,000 employees in 50 different cultures. The system clarifies countries on a scale from highly individualistic to highly collectivist. Individualistic cultures such(prenominal) as America, place emphasis on the individual person, i.e. their rights or goals. Individual achievements be praised, whilst reliance on others is not viewed as desirable (with the exception of sports like football or rugby). The counsel on individual needs has been demonstrated by economical theories of relationship maintenance, for example, the rewards/needs/satisfaction model. Hofstedes get word has a coarse scale sample size of 100,000, from a huge variety of different cultures (50), this allows the results to be generalised.
However, with collectivist cultures such as Chine or Pakistan, they place more than value on we than the I in social encounters (which is odd because they are damp at single competitor sports e.g. Table Tennis or Martial arts), collective units such as families or communities are regarded as more important than the desires of individuals, an example of this is arranged marriages, these could be used for political reasons or to increase social standing.
Therefore, in collectivist cultures, a marriage is often seen more as a union betwixt families than a union between individuals (Moghaddam et al, 1993).
Shkodriani and Gibbons (1995) investigated differences between Mexican and US students; the results revealed that students in Mexico were significantly more interdependent in terms of relationships with friends, neighbours and co-workers, compared with student in the US.
livelihood evidence for Hofstedes study comes from Levine et al (1995), a study was carried out in 11 Countries (India, Pakistan, Thailand, Mexico, Brazil, Hong Kong, The Philippines, Australia, Japan, England and the US) and participants were asked: If a man/ cleaning woman had all the qualities you desired, would you marry this person if you were not in love...If you involve to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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